Timing – Info

Effect Of Changes In Cam Timing
Advancing Retarding
Begins Intake Event Sooner Delays Intake Closing Event
Open Intake Valve Sooner Keeps Intake Valve Open Later
Builds More Low-End Torque Builds More High-RPM Power
Decrease Piston-Intake Valve Clearance Increase Piston-Intake Valve Clearance
Increase Piston-Exhaust Valve Clearance Decrease Piston-Exhaust Valve Clearance

Effect Of Changes In Lobe Separation Angle (LSA)

Smaller LSA number/ degrees Larger LSA number/ degrees
Moves Torque to Lower RPM Raise Torque to Higher RPM
Increases Maximum Torque Reduces Maximum Torque
Narrow Power band Broadens Power Band
Builds Higher Cylinder Pressure Reduce Maximum Cylinder Pressure
Increase Chance of Engine Knock Decrease Chance of Engine Knock
Increase Cranking Compression Decrease Cranking Compression
Increase Effective Compression Decrease Effective Compression
Idle Vacuum is Reduced Idle Vacuum is Increased
Idle Quality Suffers Idle Quality Improves
Open Valve-Overlap Increases Open Valve-Overlap Decreases
Closed Valve-Overlap Increases Closed Valve-Overlap Decreases
Natural EGR Effect Increases Natural EGR Effect is Reduced
Decreases Piston-to-Valve Clearance Increases Piston-to-Valve Clearance


1) Max Lift or Nose
2) Flank
3) Opening Clearance Ramp
4) Closing Clearance Ramp
5) Base Circle
6) Exhaust Opening Timing Figure
7) Exhaust Closing Timing Figure
8) Intake Opening Timing Figure
9) Intake Closing Timing Figure
10) Intake to Exhaust Lobe Separation